The Indian Institute of Technology(IIT) are the autonomous public institutes of higher education established in 1946 to enhance the industrial development in Modern India. They are one of the prestigious institutions of world. There are 23 IIT’s , out of which the oldest ones are as below:
- IIT BOMBAY
- IIT DELHI
- IIT MADRAS
- IIT KHARAGPUR
- IIT VARANASI (Formerly known as IT-BHU)
- IIT DHANBAD (Formerly known as ISM DHANBAD)
- IIT GUWAHATI
Earlier IIT’s were established for development of industrial & technical sector but with the passage of time it is also serving the nation for providing management skills & other graduate degree along with the technical degree. IIT’s have a common admission process for undergraduate admission called JEE-Advanced (formerly known as IIT JEE) & the post graduate admissions that awards M.Tech & M.S. degree are done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) & other Graduate degree admission are also done by JAM for M.Sc & CAT(Common Admission Test) for M.BA. From 2017, IITs will start conducting JEE internationally to give admission to international students.
JEE has two components, JEE-Main and JEE-Advanced. The former is for admission to National Institutes of Technology, Central Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs), and IIEST Shibpur, for its dual degree program. On the other hand, JEE-Advanced is for admission to IITs.
JEE-Main exam comprises of two papers, Paper-1 and Paper-2. Paper-1 is for the application in Bachelor in Engineering , Bachelor in Technology which could be taken online and offline. Paper-2 is for admission in Bachelor in Architecture and Bachelor in Planning which can only be taken personally. Examinees can select either one or both of them. The papers include multiple choice questions.
Candidates who qualify JEE-Main can take JEE-Advanced exam. Successful candidates in JEE-Advanced are eligible to take admission in IITs.
However, candidates who pass JEE-Main but unqualified to take JEE-Advanced can still apply in other engineering colleges such as Indian Institute of Information Technology, and other government and/or privately-owned engineering colleges.
JEE pattern has experienced a number of changes over the past years. Approximately, 18 Lakh candidates appear for JEE Main Exam every year, out of which only 10,000 candidates succeed to get into IIT’s.